On October 5, 2016, when the agreement reached enough signatures to cross the threshold, U.S. President Barack Obama said, “Even if we achieve all the goals… we will only get to part of where we need to go. He also said that “this agreement will help delay or avoid some of the worst consequences of climate change.” It will help other nations reduce their emissions over time and set bolder goals as technology progresses, all under a strong transparency system that will allow each nation to assess the progress of all other nations.   There is considerable uncertainty about future changes in anthropogenic GHG emissions, atmospheric GHG concentrations and associated climate change.    In the absence of mitigation measures, increased energy demand and the full use of fossil fuels could lead to global warming (from 3.7 to 4.8 degrees Celsius in 2100) compared to pre-industrial levels (2.5 to 7.8 degrees Celsius, including climate insecurity).  UNDP works in about 170 countries and territories and contributes to the eradication of poverty and the reduction of inequality and exclusion. UNDP supports countries` efforts to achieve sustainable development goals (SDGs) or global goals, including by cooperating with countries, to achieve their climate goals. The focus is on climate engagement and UNDP support after Paris in the design and implementation of ambitious Nationally Determined Contributions (NdCs) and paves the way for a more sustainable world for all. UNCTAD provides analysis, facilitates consensus-building and provides technical assistance to developing countries to help them use trade, investment, finance and technology as a means of sustainable and inclusive development. UNCTAD`s activities under SDG 13 on climate change aim to strengthen the capacity of recipient countries to address response measures in the context of sustainable development and as a form of international cooperation, and to examine the role of trade in the implementation of national contributions (NDCs) and the exploitation of various co-benefits. There is alarming evidence that significant inflection points that lead to irreversible changes in key ecosystems and the global climate system have already been achieved or exceeded.
Ecosystems as diverse as the Amazon rainforest and the Arctic tundra can approach thresholds for dramatic changes due to warming and drying. Mountain glaciers are retreating alarmingly and the downstream effects of a reduction in water supply during the driest months will have effects that will exceed generations. Vox explains why scientists are more confident than ever that climate change fuels disasters. #environmental sustainability #nature #climate funding change It maintains the commitment of developed countries to continue to play a leading role in providing financial resources, but for the first time ,”other parties” are being asked to provide voluntary financial support. This urges developed countries to develop a specific roadmap to meet the annual target of $100 billion in climate finance by 2020. Implementation of the Paris Agreement has been underway in recent years and one of the main milestones is the adoption of the Paris Agreement (Katowice Rulebook) regulatory framework at the Katowice Climate Summit (COP 24). This document allows, among other things, to enter into force the different information and commitments and compare them as for the same ones; monitoring compliance with the agreement, the overall diagnostic methodology to be developed; The adaptation and technology transfer issues that will be strengthened; Negotiations for climate finance, which are expected to be launched by 2025.