States Parties assume international responsibility for national activities in space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies, whether carried out by governmental or non-governmental bodies, and to ensure that national activities are carried out in accordance with the provisions of this Treaty. The activities of non-governmental organizations in space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies, must be approved and monitored by the relevant State Party. When activities in space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies, are carried out by an international organization, the international organization and the States Parties participating in that organization are responsible for the respect of this Treaty. Soviet plans for general and complete disarmament between 1960 and 1962 contained provisions guaranteeing the peaceful use of space. However, the Soviet Union would not separate space from other disarmament issues, nor would it agree to limit space for peaceful purposes if foreign U.S. bases stationed with short- and medium-range missiles were not also eliminated. Inspired by the great perspectives that open up before humanity as a result of the intrusion of men into space, 2. This treaty is subject to ratification by the signatory states. The instruments of ratification and accession are filed with the governments of the United States of America, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, as well as the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, which are referred to as custodian governments. However, the space was not completely free of armaments. Earth`s orbit has become an important stop for military personnel around the world in terms of communication, surveillance and arms control on Earth. But the part of the treaty that bans nuclear weapons – which made the agreement an unarmed measure – has never been violated and has made space a peaceful region of exploration.
But the hallmark of the space treaty is that it is not too detailed. “It doesn`t solve all the problems,” says Henry Hertzfeld, a research professor of space policy and international affairs at George Washington University in The Verge. The document is only 17 brief articles in length; By way of comparison, the Law of the Sea Treaty – a set of rules for ocean exploitation – contains hundreds of articles. “The demand to be part of the Artemis program was quite overwhelming,” Bridenstine said in a phone call with reporters.