Local employers (KTs) are an organisation of interest to local employers, representing all Finnish local and municipal authorities. It negotiates and concludes collective agreements for municipalities and associations of municipalities employing 419,000 people. This profile describes the main characteristics of working life in Finland. It will complement other eurwork research by providing relevant background information on structures, institutions and regulations in professional life. These include indicators, data and regulatory systems relating to actors and institutions, collective and individual conditions of employment, health and well-being, pay, working time, qualifications and training, and equality and non-discrimination in the workplace. Profiles are updated every year. A collective agreement within the meaning of this Act is any agreement reached by one or more registered employers or employers` organizations and by one or more registered groups of workers on the conditions to be met in employment contracts or in employment in general. For the purposes of this Act, “management organization” means any association whose specific objectives include safeguarding employers` interest in employment; “workers` association”: any association whose specific objectives are to safeguard workers` interests in employment. The terms and conditions of the collective agreement must apply to all employees in the industry, whether they are unionized or not. The system works as long as the number of members is large enough.
Autumn is the busiest time to negotiate new collective agreements in Finland. Indeed, the end of the year (end or beginning of the year) is a typical time for the start of new collective agreements. Traditionally, the round of negotiations begins with the collective agreement of the technology sector (including metallurgy), which serves to some extent as a temporal agreement for other sectors. Collective agreements negotiated under the 2016 tripartite competition pact have been fixed at only one year instead of the usual two or three years. In negotiations from 2017 to 2018, two or three years seem to be the norm again. Necessary in companies with 20 or more employees and for public sector players of all sizes (if no shop stewards have been chosen), collective bargaining has been going on since the autumn.