There are a number of positive consequences that can only be achieved through trade agreements such as; The question then arises of the reasons for regional integration. Regional integration acts as a unit, especially in fragmented economies, such as sub-Saharan Africa. Integration creates larger markets for economies of scale in competition and foreign investment. By the 1990s, the GATT had grown to 123 members. The end of expectations made it less useful: countries faced new challenges and became caught up in other disputes, but the GATT rules were flat and did not contain policy considerations that went beyond tariff limits. Global trade rules had to be updated. There are other reasons for integration, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, that have led to integration. They are both traditional and non-traditional benefits. The Doha Round aimed to focus on the priorities of less developed countries, which account for three-quarters of WTO membership. But the discussions continued because countries were unable to solve some important problems. There are some differences here: the rise of regional and mega-regional trade agreements raises an important question: do these agreements undermine or undermine the work of the WTO by breaking down the world into trade blocs and creating its own dispute settlement procedures? Their sustainability and impact on the system put in place after the Second World War will continue to be discussed. These include comprehensive coverage of goods and services within a specified time frame, progress in trade facilitation, intellectual property protection, non-discriminatory provisions on foreign direct investment, transparent anti-dumping procedures, dispute resolution, open and non-discriminatory public procurement, competition policy and low and standard technical barriers (Park et al.
5). Trade agreements are generally unilateral, bilateral or multilateral. The United States has another multilateral regional trade agreement: the Dominican Republic-Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR). This agreement with Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua eliminated tariffs on more than 80% of U.S. exports of non-textile goods. The third level of the RTAs is that of the customs unions. All Member States of customs unions must remove all barriers to trade, but maintain the same trade policy that exists between them and other non-member countries. Trade agreements, any contractual agreement between states on their trade relations. Trade agreements can be bilateral or multilateral, i.e. between two states or more than two states.
The most favoured nation clause prevents one of the parties to the current agreement from continuing to remove barriers to another country. For example, in exchange for reciprocal concessions, Country A could agree to reduce tariffs on certain products from Country B. In the absence of a clause of the most favoured nation, Country A could still reduce tariffs on the same goods from Country C in exchange for other concessions. As a result, consumers in Country A could purchase the products in question at a cheaper price in Country C because of the tariff difference, while Country B would get nothing for its concessions.